The bus system differs from city to city a little bit in Korea. There are two types of city buses, local and express. It may be used to get almost anywhere in the city. The bus signs are written only in Korean so foreigners carefully listen to the destination recording announcement. The bus fare is 1,000 won or you can use a bus card. 1,000 won is automatically deducted from the bus card when it is passed over the card reader located next to the driver. To stop the bus at your destination, push one of the stop buttons located along the length of the bus.
City express buses, called Jwasok buses in Korean, stop less frequently and more comfortable than the local buses. The fare for the city express buses and the new deluxe city express buses are 1,700 and 1,700 respectively.
Comfortable and convenient highway bus services operate on expressways throughout the country, connecting all major cities. Most of the express bus terminals are located close to the city centers.
There are two express bus terminals in Seoul: the Seoul Express Bus Terminal and Tong Seoul Express Bus Terminal. The Seoul Express Bus Terminal is the main bus terninal from Seoul to other major cities and is divided into two sections in two separate buildings: the Gyeongbuseon Express Terminal serves the Seoul - Busan line including Daejeon, Daegu, Gyeongju, and Busan. The Honam-Yeongdongseon Express Terminal covers the east coast and in the southwestern provinces, including Gwangju and Mokpo. This terminal connected by Subway Line 3. The Dong Seoul Express Bus Terminal operates similar routes but with less frequent services and fewer destinations. This terminal is adjacent to the Gangbyeon Subway Station Line 2.
The subway is the most efficient and convenient way for foreign travelers to get around Seoul and Busan. Station names, ticket counters, and transfer signs are all clearly marked in English as well as Korean, the different lines are color-coded, and all trains have announcements in English and Korean.
The subways themselves are clean and efficient, air-conditioned, and have automatic ticket dispensers and convenient bus connections. Each station has a large waiting area and the walls are decorated with various artistic works. Fares are inexpensive, but do vary with service areas, so check the cost for your destination before purchasing a ticket from the ticket counter or dispenser.
Eight subway lines serve Seoul and its suburbs. The eight lines are color-coded : red for Line 1, green for Line 2, orange for Line 3, blue for Line 4, violet for Line 5, brown for Line 6, dark green for Line 7 and pink for Line 8. Line 5 passes through central Seoul and runs to Gimpo InterNational Airport.
No.1 line runs between Nopodong and Sinpyeong, 32.5km. Run to Beomeosa, Oncheon Hot Spring Town, Jagalchi, and Gukje Market, and conneted to urban line bus, it is a very convenient mass transportation means. The No.2 line runs between Hopo and Haeundae, 39.1 km.
Passenger trains in Korea are fast and reliable. The trains run on a strict schedule and have extensive network covering almost every part of the nation. For most destinations, trains are full on weekends and holidays. Ticket reservations and advance purchases are advisable at railroad stations or travel agencies. There are three classes of trains : the super express KTX, express Saemaulho and limited express Mugunghwaho, The fastest, most comfortable service is offered by the KTX trains. Railroad Information counter for foreigners: 02-392-7811.
Taxis are plentiful, clean, safe, and inexpensive in Korea.There are taxi stands in most busy city areas, and taxis can also be hailed on the streets. As well, certain taxis can be requested by phone though the fare for these special call taxis is somewhat higher than regular taxis An increasing number of taxi drivers speak some English
The fare system is based on both distance and time. Fares are £Ü1,900 for the first 2 kilometers and £Ü100 for each additional 144 meters. If the taxi is going less than 15 kilometers per hour, an additional charge of £Ü100 per 35 seconds is added to the fare. The fare between Incheon InterNational Airport and downtown Seoul is usually around £Ü50,000(including toll) though it could be higher if traffic is congested. Fares increase 20 percent between midnight and 4 a.m.
Deluxe taxis called ¡°mobeom¡± taxi in Korean, are black with a yellow sign on the top and the words ¡°Deluxe Taxi¡± written on the sides. They offer more passenger space and a high standard of service. Fares are £Ü4,500 for the first 3 kilometers and £Ü200 for each additional 164 meters or each 39 seconds if the speed drops below 15 kilometers per hour. The usual fare between Incheon Int¡¯l Airport and downtown is about £Ü80,000 won(including toll). Receipts are given. There is no late-night surcharge. Deluxe taxis can be taken at stands located at hotels, stations, bus terminals, and major city streets. They also can be called at ¢Ï 02-558-8000 (English and Japanese)